Development is one major element responsible for the internet you interact with. And suppose you are new to the world of development and software engineering. In that case, you may confuse yourself with multiple development languages and make a difference between Front-End and Back-End development. Front-end and back-end development are closely related to each other. And, if any of them is removed, the other can’t exist. In this article, we have explained the major differences among programming languages.

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Difference Between Front-End Vs. Back-End Development

What Is Front-End Development?

Front-end development is a style of computer programming that focuses on user experience and building while keeping the targeted audience in mind. The main focus of front-end development languages is on coding and executing features of a website that you see on the internet. In addition, it’s all about improving and enhancing the visual experience of a website for users and making every aspect of the website functional. Mostly, the front-end designs that developers take are from UI/UX designers and bring the website to life.

What Do Front-End Developers Do?

There are several other elements of a website come into life via front-end languages, such as:

  • Buttons
  • Layouts
  • Navigation
  • Images
  • Graphics
  • Animations
  • Content Organization

Back-End Development

Back-end development focuses on the other side of the website that users don’t have access to. It is also known as the “server side.” With that being said, back-end programming languages handle and maintain databases and servers to store, manage, and organize all data needed, such as user information. These databases run from remote computers, and back-end developers manage this database and the site content in an organized form. Tasks that are included in backend development are:

  • Building code
  • Debugging web applications
  • Troubleshooting
  • Database management
  • Framework utilization

Programming Languages Used In Front-End Development

There are several software development technologies and languages widely used in front-end development. Some of them are mentioned below:

HTML: HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, a standardized system for tagging text files to complete various front-end tasks such as font, color, graphics, and hyperlink effects on web pages. With HTML, you can ensure the proper formatting of text and images.

CSS: CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets, widely used to give web pages organized and attractive layouts, including text styles, table sizes, and colors.

Javascript: Javascript enables dynamic user interfaces components such as checkboxes and search fields.

While you can build a fully-functional website using HTML, CSS, or Javascript, there are still a lot of things that come under the umbrella of front-end development.

For instance, libraries and frameworks like Angular.js, React.js, and Bootstrap streamline the process allowing you to make ready-made tools for your use. Moreover, these frameworks give you a perfect opportunity to twist and crunch Javascript and turn it into something you want to create.

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Programming Languages Used In Back-End Development

Regarding back-end development, developers require more advanced knowledge and skills to handle critical tasks at the back end, such as databases and server management. Below are the main languages widely used in back-end development:


Java is a popular high-level programming language widely used to create computer applications. A developer can use this programming language to develop enterprise-level applications, big data, and Android development.


PHP is a scripting language widely used for server-side web development. This language occurs when dynamic web pages, content,  or images are needed on a website or elsewhere.


This language can be used to develop or manage any virtual object on a web application page. Last but not least, the technologies that you choose to use in your code also determine the language or framework you would choose. For example, if you create a website using Laravel, using PHP in your code is a must. As opposed while using the Django framework, Python would be more efficient to use.


Mainly there are two types of databases, relational and non-relational. An interesting fact about databases is that the type you choose will determine which database system will suit your project and help in programming. Some common databases are MongoDB, MySQL, Oracle, and Redis.

Front-End Vs. Back-End Developers: Which One To Choose?

Today, development is widespread, and our internet is based on it. Whether front-end or back-end development, you will have lucrative opportunities to pursue a career as a developer. In addition, an average salary of a front-end developer starts from $109,00 per year. In contrast, back-end developers earn a salary between $92,000 to $119,000 per year. So, what career would you choose? Becoming a front-end developers or back-end developer?